Conférence Paris Climat 2015

COP21 : quelles sont les étapes de la mise en œuvre de l’Accord de Paris ?

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COP21 : Projection-débat du film "Le Sel de la Terre" à Singapour

A J-5 du lancement de la COP21 (du 30 novembre au 11 décembre à Paris), 7 ambassades européennes (France, Royaume-Uni, Belgique, Danemark, Norvège, Suède, Allemagne) et la Délégation de l’Union européenne à Singapour ont organisé une projection du film "Le Sel de la Terre" (de Wim Wenders et Juliano Ribeiro Salgado) au cinéma The Projector, sur Beach Road.

La projection fut précédée d’un débat entre l’Ambassadeur de France, M. Benjamin Dubertret et l’Ambassadeur de l’Union Européenne, M. Michael Pulch, et des représentants de la société civile (Energy Studies Institute, COP20 Youth Delegation/350 Singapore, Green Future Solutions, WWF International). Plus de 200 personnes, professionnels ou grand public, sont venus assister à cet évènement et échanger leurs perspectives sur les résultats que l’on peut attendre de la Conférence de Paris sur le climat. Le but de cet évènement était de sensibiliser le public singapourien aux enjeux posés par les changements climatiques, alors qu’une délégation de responsables politiques et représentants de la société civile s’apprêtent à partir pour Paris.

Le film "Le Sel de la Terre" revient sur la carrière de Sebastião Salgado, un photographe d’origine brésilienne qui s’est ensuite installé en France et a parcouru le monde pendant plus de 40 ans. Après avoir photographié les hommes sur tous les continents et témoigné des plus grands évènements de notre époque (conflits, guerres, exode, famine), il rend hommage depuis une dizaine d’années à la Terre et à la faune et la flore qu’elle héberge.

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Conférence-débat/COP 21 : quel rôle pour le secteur financier dans la transition vers une économie bas-carbone ?

Le Climate Finance Day, en mai à Paris, avait mis en lumière un certain nombre d’initiatives privées qui soutiennent la transition vers une économie à faible émission de carbone et l’objectif des Nations Unies de limiter l’augmentation de la température mondiale à 2°C d’ici la fin du siècle.

Pour prolonger ces efforts, une conférence-débat sur le rôle du secteur financier dans la transition bas carbone a été organisée le 24 novembre à J-6 du lancement de la COP21 à Paris, par 7 ambassades européennes (France, Royaume-Uni, Belgique, Danemark, Norvège, Suède, Allemagne) et la Délégation de l’Union européenne à Singapour. L’objectif de cette évènement a été de rassembler les acteurs de ce milieu afin d’ensemble identifier les freins à la croissance de ce secteur et imaginer des solutions innovantes.

Plus de 120 personnes, représentants du monde de la finance, de la recherche, de la diplomatie et de la société civile, ont participé à cet évènement interactif où de nombreuses idées ont été échangées. Parmi nos panélistes : The Association of Banks in Singapore, Amundi, Barclays, Munich RE, Singapore Exchange. Le Haut-commissaire britannique Scott Wightman et l’ambassadeur suédois Håkan Jevrell ont également prononcé une allocution cet évènement hébergé par Barclays.

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"Moving towards low carbon, climate resilient economies" - Tribune des Ambassadeurs européens à Singapour dans le Business Times du 24 novembre

Lien vers le Business Times

"WITH just over a week until the UN’s Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris, the financial sector is increasingly focused on the role that it can play to support the transition towards low carbon, climate resilient economies. Commercial banks, insurance companies and investors alike are fast becoming aware of the increasing opportunities in sustainable business models, as well as the risks presented if they fail to act. Given Singapore’s importance as a financial centre, we are pleased to be holding an event here to address these issues.

The Climate Finance Day in Paris in May highlighted a number of private sector initiatives which support this transition to a low carbon future and the UN objective to limit the rise of global temperatures to two degrees Celsius by the end of the century. During this event, financial organisations called on regulators to create a framework of incentives for sustainable financing and investment, citing the serious consequences of climate change for society, the global economy and environment. The aim would be to optimise the risk to return ratio working across international bodies, public authorities, non-governmental organisations, businesses and individuals to develop solutions to meet global environmental and economic challenges.

Global financial leaders are increasingly addressing the threat of climate change as highlighted in a recent speech to the insurance market by Mark Carney, the governor of the Bank of England, who warned of the risks from climate change as a "tragedy of the horizon" that will lead to financial crises and falling living standards unless the world’s leading countries do more to ensure transparent accounting for current and future carbon emissions. Insurers are heavily exposed to climate change risks, and time is running out to deal with global warming.

In order to address this, proposals were put forward during last week’s G-20 Summit in Turkey urging the world’s leading developed and developing economies to bring in tougher corporate disclosure standards to enable investors to better judge climate change risks. The Financial Stability Board (FSB) will continue to engage with public and private stakeholders on how the private sector can take account of these increasing risks.

In its 2015 Report on Sustainable Finance in Singapore, Indonesia and Malaysia, the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF) highlights global banks and investors already beginning to address sustainability risks (such as air pollution, the haze and water scarcity) within their investment portfolios. It is now time for domestic financial institutions in South-east Asia to play their part, particularly when considering their relatively higher exposure to forest risk commodity sectors. There is a clear role for regulators to ensure that environmental, social and governmental (ESG) factors are taken into consideration by banks and investors.

A number of governing bodies are taking steps in this direction including the Singapore Exchange, which will introduce mandatory sustainability reporting next year on a "comply or explain" basis for all its members. Investors must act now to get ahead of the curve and ensure that their investment portfolios are resilient in the face of regulatory change and unforeseen market shocks.

The development of a global carbon market is an essential component to dealing with climate change and ensuring private sector action. A number of regional emissions trading systems (ETS) are already operating in different parts of the world, the first and largest of them being the EU ETS. A number of countries (New Zealand, South Korea and Kazakhstan) have introduced ETS at a national level, and some sub-national ETS have been implemented such as the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) in the US, the Californian ETS and by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Moreover, China is introducing pilot ETS in seven major economic regions including Beijing and Shanghai, five of which launched in 2013. Building on its experience from the pilot schemes, China aims to introduce a nationwide ETS in the coming years.

During COP21 in Paris, international government representatives aim to secure a universal climate agreement which facilitates the transition towards resilient low carbon societies. Tackling climate change is a collective challenge requiring active contributions from all stakeholders in the global economy, not only policymakers. The traction and momentum of climate issues in the financial sector reinforces the message that it is in our collective interest to act as climate-related economic and financial risks increase. Moreover, the management of most of the fixed assets concerned - buildings, infrastructure, power plants and related energy assets - is a long-term matter requiring upfront action. A change in investor behaviour must happen now. This is facilitated by the increasing availability of alternative investment instruments, which account for - and reduce - climate-related risks. Benchmarking and exchange of best practices on this topic are also becoming widespread. As a major financial hub at the heart of a region that is one of the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, Singapore can lead the way and turn this challenge into an opportunity."

Signatories :

  • Gerard Cockx, Belgian Ambassador to Singapore ;
  • Michael Witter, German Ambassador to Singapore ;
  • Berit Basse, Danish Ambassador to Singapore ;
  • Michael Pulch, EU Ambassador to Singapore ;
  • Benjamin Dubertret, French Ambassador to Singapore ;
  • Tormod Cappelen Endressen, Norwegian Ambassador to Singapore ;
  • Hakan Jevrell, Swedish Ambassador to Singapore ; and
  • Scott Wightman, British High Commissioner to Singapore.

"La COP21, qu’est-ce que c’est ?"

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L’Appel de Ferney pour le climat aux jeunes du monde entier

Appel de Manille à l’action pour le climat

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Tribune commune des Ambassadeurs des pays européens organisateurs du EU Climate Diplomacy Day dans le Business Times

Climate change - the time for action is running out

WITH less than six months to go until the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris in December 2015, the time to act on climate change is now.

To mark European Climate Diplomacy Day on June 17, events will be organised worldwide to raise awareness on positive climate action. Here in Singapore, the European Union delegation together with the missions of Belgium, France, Germany, Romania and the United Kingdom are organising a day of events on climate change. An interactive debate, held at ESSEC campus, will see Singapore’s youth discuss the level of ambition necessary for success at the Paris conference. The business community will then join an expert-led panel discussion, at National Library Building, to highlight the benefits of low carbon economic growth, the role that business can play, the challenges they face and the opportunities available to them.

Countries across the globe have committed to create a new international climate agreement by the conclusion of the COP21. Their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) are currently being submitted to publicly outline what post-2020 climate actions each country will take under the new agreement. These INDCs will show whether the world is collectively committed to keeping future global warming within two degrees Celsius of pre-industrial levels, thereby putting us on a path toward a low-carbon, climate-resilient future.

We, in the EU, accept that developed countries should take the lead. That is why we have taken determined action to reduce EU emissions by 18 per cent since 1990 and why, earlier this year, we committed to at least a 40 per cent reduction by 2030 and 80-95 per cent by 2050. The US and other industrialised countries support this endeavour. But this is not a problem that the developed world alone can fix, as future growth in global emissions will come mostly from the developing world. Therefore, we need to reach a fair and ambitious, universal, legally-binding agreement in Paris. To achieve this objective the conference must also address the issue of support for those countries most vulnerable to climate change, including on adaptation to the climate change we can no longer avoid.

NATURAL DISASTERS

There is overwhelming scientific evidence that human activity is responsible for most of the global warming we have already witnessed. In Asia as elsewhere, scientists tell us to expect more frequent and more devastating natural disasters like droughts, typhoons and floods in the future. In order to maintain safe global living conditions, including in vulnerable developing countries like those in South-east Asia, the science tells us we should peak global greenhouse gas emissions before 2030, and become carbon neutral by the second half of the century so that nature can absorb remaining human carbon emissions. We must do better than "business as usual" to create a new societal mindset and achieve this profound and essential change.

Until recently, action against climate change was trapped in a vicious cycle : business was waiting for political decision, while governments waited for a mobilisation of the private sector. Now, the situation is changing.

There is increasing evidence that action to tackle climate change is compatible with lasting economic growth. In fact, a healthy environment and rising prosperity go hand in hand. Just as we strive for a triple-A-rated economy, we must also unequivocally strive for a triple-A-rated environment - both domestically and globally.

The New Climate Economy, a major report by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate, makes clear recommendations to global policymakers that focus on the need to integrate climate issues into core economic decision-making ; agree a strong, lasting and equitable international climate agreement ; scale up innovation in low carbon technologies ; invest in low carbon infrastructure and introduce strong, predictable carbon prices.

These messages are gaining traction. Just last week, the Group of Seven leaders agreed to cut greenhouse gases by phasing out the use of fossil fuels by the end of the century. Last month, more than 1,000 business leaders attended a business summit on climate change in Paris calling on policymakers to agree on carbon pricing mechanisms, closer collaboration between business and government on climate policies and a joint public and private sector fund for investing in low-carbon technology, particularly in developing countries.

CSO CAMPAIGNS

Worldwide, civil society organisations (CSO) are increasingly involved in the fight against climate change. Farmers’ collectives, for instance, showed that climate change and food security are two sides of the same coin. These CSO campaigns and actions have helped convince large numbers of public and private stakeholders worldwide to include climate action in their long-term strategies. In climate negotiations as well, CSOs play a vital role as a conduit for public concerns on these issues and in improving the level of substantial public support for an ambitious outcome.

The efforts made by businesses - along with those by cities, regions and civil society - will enhance, but cannot replace, the crucial actions that governments across the world must take. But government action alone will not be enough to combat the threat of climate change : we will all need to contribute if we are to succeed in handing on a climate secure planet, fit for sustainable growth, to future generations.

The writers are European ambassadors to Singapore. Dr Pulch is the EU ambassador to Singapore ; Mr Cockx (Belgium) ; Dr Witter (Germany) ; Mr Dubertret (France) and Mr Wightman (Britain)

Journée européenne d’action sur le climat à Singapour

La France nommée pays hôte de la 21e conférence climat en 2015

La France a été officiellement nommée pays hôte de la 21e conférence climat en 2015 (Paris Climat 2015) lors de la 19e Conférence des parties à la Convention cadre des Nations unies sur les changements climatiques de Varsovie (COP19).

La COP21, que l’on appelle aussi Paris 2015, sera l’une des plus grandes conférences internationales organisées sur le territoire français. Dans ce cadre, la France se trouve face à un double défi :

• en tant que pays hôte, elle se doit d’accueillir pendant deux semaines, dans les meilleures conditions, des milliers de délégués et d’observateurs sous les auspices des Nations unies ;

• en tant que pays assurant la présidence de la COP, elle devra assurer un rôle de facilitateur auprès de toutes les parties de la négociation, pour établir un climat de confiance, rapprocher les points de vue et permettre une adoption de l’accord à l’unanimité.

Une Conférence des Parties aux enjeux sans précédent

Cette conférence apparaît cruciale car elle doit aboutir à un accord international sur le climat qui permettra de contenir le réchauffement global en deçà de 2°C.

Sur la base des travaux de la COP20 à Lima, il s’agira d’aboutir en décembre 2015 à un ensemble de décisions.

Tout d’abord, un accord ambitieux et contraignant face au défi du dérèglement climatique qui s’appliquerait à tous les pays.

Ensuite, des contributions nationales (iNDC), qui représentent l’effort que chaque pays estime pouvoir réaliser. Le financement de la lutte contre le changement climatique sera également une composante cruciale, dont une étape a été franchie avec la première capitalisation du Fonds vert à hauteur de 9,3 milliards de dollars - dont près d’un milliard de la France. Enfin, les initiatives développées au niveau-infra-étatique, par les collectivités locales, les organisations de la société civile et les entreprises vont amplifier la mobilisation et viendront s’ajouter aux contributions des Etats.

Paris 2015 / COP21 : logistique et participation de la société civile

Afin de préparer dans les meilleures conditions possibles la tenue de cette conférence des Nations unies, la France a choisi de l’organiser à Paris, sur le site Paris-le Bourget qui présente sur le plan logistique la meilleure capacité d’accueil et d’accessibilité pour les délégations officielles, mais aussi la société civile et les médias, qui sont des composantes essentielles du succès de la conférence.

Pour 2015, la France souhaite mettre en place des conditions optimales pour assurer la participation de la société civile. Des rencontres régulières seront notamment organisées avec les représentants de la société civile (ONG, entreprises, syndicats…), d’ici à la COP21, afin de recueillir toutes les opinions et d’associer toutes les bonnes volontés au succès de la conférence. Un "village" dédié à la société civile sera installé sur le site du Bourget. Il sera accessible sans accréditation, contrairement aux enceintes officielles de négociation.

Le rapport confié à Ronan Dantec, sénateur de Loire-Atlantique, et Michel Delebarre, sénateur du Nord, sur le rôle des collectivités territoriales dans les négociations climatiques atteste également du souhait de la France d’inclure les territoires et les élus locaux dans les discussions.
Enfin, la France a choisi de placer cette conférence sous le signe de l’exemplarité environnementale, et mettra en œuvre un programme d’action permettant de réduire au maximum l’impact de l’évènement sur le plan des consommations de ressources naturelles (eau, déchets, énergies) et des émissions de gaz à effet de serre.

Dernière modification : 29/12/2015

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