France’s action to promote innovation
France devoted EUR 39.5 billion to research and development (R&D) in 2008, which represents 2.1% of its GDP, putting it in fourth place amongst OECD countries, behind the United States, Japan and Germany. France ranks sixth worldwide for the number of researchers.
The Nobel Prizes won testify to this excellence (Albert Fert for giant magnetoresistance in 2007), along with several Fields Medals won (Cédric Villani and Ngô Bau Châu in 2010). France has research bodies and scientifi c clusters that enjoy worldwide fame, such as the Centre national de recherche scientifique (CNRS) or the Genopole in Evry.
France ranked second in Europe and sixth in the world for patents filed with the World Intellectual Property Organisation in 2009.
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